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The Sacred Valley

How did the Incas precisely cut, fit and place the 125 ton stones?

Sacsayhuaman

The overwhelming Inca fortress, a short drive from Cuzco, is a bold demonstration of ancient construction skills.  It is made of massive stones weighing up to 125 tons.

How was the fortress of Ollantaytambo built without draft animals or the concept of the wheel?

Ollantaytambo

Inca City Fortress of Ollantaytambo is strategically placed in the northern end of the Sacred Valley, and was a place of great sacred and military importance

The terraced hills formed hundreds of growing areas, meant to last the ages

Tipon

This ancient agricultural research center developed special crop strains, and has impressive irrigation canals carved through the rock that are linked to other canals throughout the area, carrying water for over 500 miles

 

 

Machu Picchu

The train from Cuzco to Aguas Calientes stops at Km 104, which makes for an easy one day hike along the Inca Trail into Machu Picchu

The Inca Trail

The journey  to Machu Picchu begins at Km 104 to Intipunka — "Gateway of the Sun"

The ancient Incas had no math, no written language and no concept of the wheel

Machu Picchu

Center of the World for the ancient Inca civilization.  Much mystery still surrounds the how's and why's of this incredible epicenter

The colorful rail town of Agua Calientes

Aguas Calientes

The colorful railtown to the great ruins of Machu Picchu is easily reached by train from Cuzco.

Photo Gallery       

The people of Peru still wear their native dress, whether marketing in town or working the fields.  Their type of hat denotes what region they are from.

   

 

The Urabamba Valley is the Sacred Valley of the Incas, and Pachumama, Mother Earth, still watches over the noble ruins of ancient cities long ago fallen.  For the Incas, Cuzco meant "navel of the world", and they believed their splendid city was the source of all life.  And it well may have been. The Incas had a very sophisticated civilization, and much of their advanced methods are still questioned today.  How was it that the city of Cuzco was clearly built in the shape of a puma, their symbol of power, with sophisticated water systems, paved streets, advanced medical techniques and no crime.  The Inca shine of Qenko had a circular amphitheatre and a 5-meter stone block which is said to represent a puma.  This ceremonial center includes water canals cut into solid rock and a subterranean room.  To the north of Cuzco is Tambo Machay, the sacred bathing place for the Inca rulers and royal woman.  A hydraulic marvel, its aqueduct system still feeds crystalline water into a series of showers where water rituals were once  held by worshippers of the Sun.

The Sacred Valley lay claim to such awe-inspiring fortresses as Ollantaytambo and Sacsayhuaman, connected by the ancient Inca trail to the sacred citadel of Machu Picchu.  The original Inca trail meandered for over 2,500 miles through the Andes and surrounding valleys.  Runners used this trail to deliver important communications and supplies between cities, and it is said that there are undoubtedly dozens, if not hundreds, of undiscovered ruins still buried beneath the thick jungle growth.

Come visit with us some of the world's most incredible ancient cities.

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